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Education of Girls among Ethnic Tribal Groups in South Asia

来源:本站 | 作者: 中山大学移民与族群研究中心  | 时间:2018-04-17

Author(s): B. K. Panda

Source: Indian Anthropologist, Vol. 41, No. 2 (July-Dec. 2011), pp. 15-32

Published by: Indian Anthropological Association

Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41921988

Abstract: In this article an attempt has been made to understand education of the girls among the ethnic groups in South Asian countries particularly from Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Despite the fact that these groups constitute a small population in these countries, the process of development has remained very slow with very low literacy among women and girls. The governmental and non-governmental agencies have envisaged programmes for these ethnic groups in these countries by providing schools, incentives and other requisite facilities; however, still there is a need for taking into consideration the culture and context of these ethnic group with need specific skill based education programmes which can generate resources for their development.

Key words: Ethnic Groups, Education, Development, Affirmative Action and Incentives

Introduction : Development of ethnic groups in South Asian countries has remained a major challenge. Efforts are being made by most of the countries in order to provide education and ensure development among minority ethnic tribal groups. As these groups constitute a small population in their respective countries of habitation, the pace of development has remained very slow. More particularly education of the women and girls has remained abysmally very low accounting for low literacy rates. The policies of affirmative action have been adopted according to the needs of the countries or otherwise. These initiatives are most of the times in accordance to the ILO Convention of Indigenous Population in the respective countries (1972 Resolution No. 107 and 169). These are reflected in dedicated schools, forest rights, land rights and special government schemes as well as right to equality and justice are being implemented for the development of these ethnic groups. In contrast, the non ethnic population in all the countries is able to reap the benefits in the spheres of education, social, technical or technological development in the garb of globalization while the ethnic minority groups lag behind.